Research Arm of the College
The Maryland Agricultural Experiment Station (MAES) in the College of Agriculture and Natural Resources (AGNR) at the University of Maryland was first established in 1888 and currently it fosters research at all levels (e.g., molecular, cellular, organismic, and ecosystem) related to sustainable food and fiber production with economic and environmental viability. Researchers within the six academic departments in AGNR and many in other Colleges, such as the College of Computer, Mathematical and Natural Sciences (CMNS) use both campus-based research laboratories and four Research and Education Centers located across different land resource and physiographic regions of Maryland to conduct state-of-the-art research related to a wide array of topics including plant and animal genomics, infectious diseases, animal health, vaccine development, plant and animal physiology, basic biology, human health and nutrition, food safety, animal nutrition, environmental and ecosystem health, water quality, soil and watershed sciences, bioenergy, horticulture and landscape design, and interface between Agro-ecosystem and aquatic environment. More than 100 faculty members conduct research using capacity funds, state funds, and competitive extramural grants.
The Federal government established the state Agricultural Experiment Station network through the Hatch Act of 1887. Experiment stations were established to ensure that agricultural research geared to specific geographic regions would be conducted throughout the United States.Agricultural Experiment Stations are part of a total program involving research, Cooperative Extension,and higher education at land-grant universities in every state. The University of Maryland Eastern Shore is the State's 1890 land-grant institution, and its research program is an integral part of MAES.
The Maryland Agricultural Experiment Station (MAES) funds research conducted primarily by 115 faculty located within the College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Maryland at College Park. Faculty utilize MAES' 10 research facilities, grouped into four research centers by geographical regions, for research that meets State, national, and international agricultural, environmental, economic, and social needs.
Yes. Agricultural experiment stations are part of a total program involving research, the Maryland Cooperative Extension, and higher education at land-grant universities in every state in the United States. The University of Maryland Eastern Shore is the State's 1890 land-grant institution, and its research program is an integral part of MAES.
The goal of these centers is to conduct research and provide rapid delivery of information to clientele in the region and State through interdisciplinary research and Extension programs.
Experiment Station priorities are to:
- Provide scientific expertise to deal with environmental and natural resource issues;
- Assist in sustaining competitive and profitable agriculture in Maryland;
- Develop appropriate technology for alternative and emergingagricultural industries, such as aquaculture;
- Enhance the role of biotechnology and automated systems in accelerating agricultural production efficiency, environmental quality, and natural resource management;
- Improve food quality and human nutrition; and develop land-use and public policy.
All Marylanders benefit! Advances in agricultural production through research have contributed to an abundance of high-quality food at a relatively low cost. Agriculture is Maryland's largest single industry, comprising a critical section of Maryland's economy. Environmental and natural resource concerns and the need to support traditional as well as emerging agricultural industries are high priorities in Maryland. All require advances in research and technology.
In Maryland, funds for research and facilities operations are derived from State appropriations (54 percent), Federal formula funds (13 percent), farm sales (5 percent) and contracts and grants(28 percent).