Wye Angus

Wye Angus

History

Taken from Beef by the Bay, June 1998

From 1938 to 1979, Wye Plantation was owned by the late Mr. Arthur A. Houghton, Jr. Houghton and Mr. James B. (Jim) Lingle, Farm Manager, founded the herd with 18 registered yearling heifers and one bull. Ten of those heifers were half-sisters, sharing the same sire.  No other females were ever introduced into the herd.  Between 1942 and 1958, Wye Plantation imported 19 bulls from the British Isles.  Those bulls are responsible for about 75 percent of the germ plasm now in the herd. The Wye Angus herd was closed to the introduction of additional germ plasm in 1958. It was reopened for a brief period to half of the herd in order to complete a research project.  It has remained closed ever since.

The availability of this closed breeding population provides unique advantages in terms of conducting basic and applied beef cattle research.  Individual animal variation, due to genetics, is significantly reduced which improves the interpretation of research results.  In addition, the use of a limited number of bulls across a fairly homogeneous population of females results in larger numbers of individual sire groups of calves for study.  Whenever individual variation can be reduced, the significance of scientific findings is improved.

The University of Maryland established its first official presence at Wye Plantation in 1954.  In the fall of that year, Dr. Willard Green agreed to supervise the first post-weaning  gain test of bulls on the farm, and bulls have been similarly tested ever since.  This work by Dr. Green founded one of the most comprehensive beef cattle performance evaluation programs in the United States.  These efforts led to a vastly improved selection of superior sires from which Wye Angus established a lasting impact on the genetic make up of the national Angus herd.  Through Dr. Green, the University of Maryland was involved in various research projects at Wye Plantation until his retirement in 1977.

In 1979, Mr. Houghton gifted the University of Maryland with the Wye Angus herd.  The private, nonprofit University of Maryland Foundation was created to accept and hold the gift for use by the University, and remains the legal owner of the herd today.

Within the University System of Maryland, the Maryland Agricultural Experiment Station was charged with managing the herd on a daily basis and it continues to do so today.  With acceptance of the herd gift, the University agreed to make any animals deemed excess to research needs available for the general public in some equitable fashion. The agreement to the annual public auction of Wye Angus cattle held each April since 1978.

2016 Calf Crop

Book Sale

The Breed of Noble Bloods, By James B. Lingle

Breed of Noble Bloods bookcover

In the words of the master breeder himself, James B. Lingle, The Breed of Noble Bloods relates the development of the Wye herd from the time of the acquistion of the historic Wye Plantation by Arthur A. Houghton, Jr. in the mid 1930's until the present apex of its achievements.  This is the story of an outstanding herd that was built not by great infusions of capital but by the far-sighted and well directed efforts of a breeder-manager who was given full rein by his principal.

Makes a great gift!

$15.00 (inludes shipping). Make checks payable to Wye Angus. Book arrives in about 2 weeks.

Mailing Address: 

Wye Angus
P. O. Box 169
Queenstown, MD 21658

Semen Sales

     
Sire Name Registration #

Semen

Price

Certificate

Price

Aiken of Wye UMF 9464 15925959 $ 20 $ 30
Alap of Wye UMF 8329 13641146 $ 20 $ 30
Aristocrat of Wye UMF 9344 15600085 $ 20 $ 30
Balgain of Wye UMF 10405 17606174 $ 20 $ 30
Bangle of Wye UMF 9480 15925961 $ 20 $ 30
Barnabas of Wye UMF 9281 15600071 $ 20 $ 30
Brassard of Wye UMF 9936 16813981 $ 20 $ 30
Briar of Wye UMF 9024 14794521 $ 20 $ 30
Brick of Wye UMF 10367 17606162 $ 20 $ 30
Bridge of Wye UMF 9158 15141484 $ 20 $ 30
Brins of Wye UMF 9635 16243300 $ 20 $ 30
Carpus of Wye UMF 10684 18303503 $ 20 $ 30
Cedric of Wye UMF 8998 14794513 $ 20 $ 30
Claymont of Wye UMF 10834  18627227 $20 $ 30
Clarkson of Wye UMF 9166 15141486 $ 20 $ 30
Faxton of Wye UMF 8819 14511922 $ 20 $ 30
Forester of Wye UMF 9604 16431555 $ 20 $ 30
Lander of Wye UMF 10387 17609588 $ 20 $ 30
Larkspur of Wye UMF 10530 18030544 $ 20 $ 30
Leelo of Wye UMF 10689 18255260 $ 20 $ 30
Leadore of Wye UMF 10536 18030543 $ 20 $ 30
Logan of Wye UMF 6692 11413693 $ 20 $ 30
Lorton of Wye UMF 9055 14794526 $ 20 $ 30
Qevin of Wye UMF 9781 16409715 $ 20 $ 30
Quon of Wye UMF 10033 16813965 $ 20 $ 30

 

2019 Semen Sales     2019 Semen Sales Part 2

Call or email with your order:

410-827-6016, lyoash@umd.edu

Make checks payable to:  Wye Angus

Mailing Address:

Wye Angus
P. O. Box 169
Queenstown, MD 21658

Newsletter/Articles

Wye Angus on RFD TV and Maryland Farm to Harvest

Maryland Farm to Harvest

Wye Angus on Farm to Harvest episode 605 - (starts at 15:25)

2014 Wye Angus Sale

 

RFD TV - History of the Wye Angus Herd

I Am Angus - First aired December 19, 2011

Cattleman to Cattleman - First aired August 23, 2011

 

 

 

Research

Research

Grass Fed vs. Grain Fed Steer Projects

Dr. Jiuzhou Song started a research project in the fall of 2011 examining the effects of how finishing cattle on an alfalfa and orchard grass diet alters the epigenetic status of genes affecting beef quality and the fatty acid profile.  The ultimate goal of this research project is to develop methods that beef producers can use through dietary interventions to produce a highly palatable and nutritious product.

Integrated metabolomic and transcriptome analyses reveal finishing forage affects metebolic pathways related to beef quality and animal welfare (Published 05/11/16)

Dr. Zhenjjuo Xiao has initiated a project involving Ostertagia  Ostertagi, the most economically important gastrointestinal nematode parasite in the cattle industry.  He will be comparing parasite levels in both our grain fed steers and grass fed steers.

Bovine neutrophils form extracellular traps in response to the gastrointestinal parasite Ostertagia ostertagi (Published 12/04/18)

Staff

 

Mr. Edward C. Draper, Program Manager, email: edraper@umd.edu, 410-827-6016

Mr. Kevin Morgan, Herd Manager, email: kmorgan@umd.edu 410-827-6016

Mrs. Lisa Yoash, Program Management Specialist, email: lyoash@umd.edu, 410-827-6016

Mr. John W. Dulin, (JW) Agricultural Technician, 410-827-6016

Mr. David Reiff, Agricultural Technician, 410-827-6016

 

GPS Address

GPS Address

2016 Carmichael Road, Queenstown, MD 21658