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Luke Macaulay, Ph.D.

Wildlife Management Specialist - Agent

Wye Research and Education Center Queenstown, MD 21658

Luke Macaulay conducts applied research and extension to solve problems and enhance the sustainability and enjoyment of wildlife resources in Maryland. His research and extension programs include testing and developing recommendations for enhancing habitat, managing populations, and addressing damage. His current projects include testing cover-crop varieties for white-tailed deer preference, development of recommendations for warm-season grass establishment for declining grassland species such as bobwhite quail, and exploring the feasibility of using forage soybeans to manage damage in agricultural areas with heavy deer herbivory (funded by the Maryland Soybean Board). Luke currently serves as an associate editor for Rangeland Ecology & Management.


Ph.D. University of California, Berkeley
M.S. University of California, Berkeley
B.A. University of Notre Dame


Hanbury-Brown, A. R., Stackhouse, J. W., and Macaulay, L.T. 2021. Elk conflict with beef and dairy producers poses wildlife management challenges in northern California. Ecology and Society 26(1):23.

Reisman, E. & MacaulayL.T. 2021. Which farms drill during drought? The influence of farm size and crop type, International Journal of Water Resources Development.

Yovovich, V., Allen, M.L., Macaulay, L.T. and Wilmers, C.C. 2020. Using spatial characteristics of apex carnivore communication and reproductive behaviors to predict responses to future human development. Biodiversity and Conservation. 29:2589–2603. (Download PDF)

Young, A., Macaulay, L.T., Larson, S., Van Eenennaam, A. Livestock Impact on Biodiversity. Population, Agriculture, and Biodiversity: Problems and Prospects, edited by J.P. Gustafson, P.H. Raven, P.R. Ehrlich, University of Missouri Press, 2020, pp. 305-337.

Hopkinson, P., Hammond, M., Bartolome, J. W., Macaulay, L.T. 2020. Using consecutive prescribed fires to reduce shrub encroachment in grassland by increasing shrub mortality. Restoration Ecology. (Download PDF)

Macaulay, L.T., Sollmann, R., Barrett, R. 2020. Estimating Deer Populations Using Camera Traps and Natural Marks. Journal of Wildlife Management. 84(2):301–310.

Bartolome, J.W., Brown, A., Hopkinson, P., Hammond, M., MacaulayL.T., and Ratcliff, F.  2019. Evaluating Prescribed Fire Effect on Medusa Head and Other Invasive Plants in Coastal Prairie at Point Pinole. Grasslands. Winter 2019 edition.

Macaulay, L., & Butsic, V. (2018). Who Owns California’s Cropland. ARE Update, 21(3). (Download PDF)

Macon, D., R. Baldwin, D. Lile, J. Stackhouse, C. Koopmann Rivers, T. Saitone, T. Schohr, L. Snell, J. Harper, R. Ingram, K. Rodrigues, L.T. Macaulay, L. Roche. 2018. Livestock Protection Tools for California Ranchers. UC Agriculture & Natural Resources Publication 8598.

Ratcliff, F., Bartolome, J., Macaulay, L.T., Spiegal, S., & White, M. D. 2018. Applying ecological site concepts and state-and-transition models to a grazed riparian rangeland. Ecology and Evolution.  (Download PDF)

Macaulay, L.T. & Butsic, V. 2017. Ownership characteristics and crop selection in California cropland. California Agriculture. 71(4):221-230. (Download PDF)

Shapero, M., Dobrovna, I., Macaulay, L.T. 2017.  Implications of changing spatial dynamics of irrigated pasture, California’s third largest agricultural water use. Science of the Total Environment 605–606: 445-453. (Download PDF)

Stackhouse, J.W., Giust, G., Macaulay, L.T. 2017. Game Species Management and Economics of Hunting Enterprises in California Grasslands. Grasslands.

Macaulay, L.T. 2016. The role of wildlife-associated recreation in private land use and conservation: Providing the missing baseline. Land Use Policy 58: 218–233. (Download PDF)

Macaulay, L.T. 2015. Pastured Pig Production in California Oak Woodlands: Lessons from the Spanish Dehesa. In: Outdoor Hog Production: Best Practices for Conservation in the San Francisco Bay Area. UC Cooperative Extension.

Macaulay, L.T. 2015. Proceedings of the 7th Oak Symposium. Evaluating Recreational Use as an Incentive for Habitat Conservation on Private Land in California. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-251. Berkeley, CA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station.

Huntsinger, L., Sayre, N., Macaulay, L.T. 2014. Ranchers, land tenure, and grass-roots governance: maintaining pastoralist use of rangelands in the U.S. in three different settings. In: Davies, J. (ed). The Governance of Rangeland: Collective Action for Sustainable Pastoralism. (Download PDF)

Macaulay, L.T., Starrs, P.F., Carranza, J. 2013. Hunting in Managed Oak Woodlands: Contrasts Among Similarities, in: Mediterranean Oak Woodland Working Landscapes. Springer, pp. 311–350. (Download PDF)